COMPUTER RELATED FULL FORM AND THERE DEFINITION

ALL COMPUTER RELATED FULL FORM  AND DEFINITION



1. FULL FORM OF COMPUTER


COMMONLY OPERATED MACHINE PARTICULARLY USED IN TECHNICAL AND EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH



COMPUTER-RELATED FULL FORM AND THERE DEFINITION


COMPUTER DEFINITION:


A Computer Is An Electronic Machine That Takes Raw Data As Input From A User! And By Processing That Data, The User Shows The Result As Out Put! This Result Can Be In The Form Of Visual, Sound Etc. Its Special Thing Is That We Can Save And Keep These Results Too!


2. FULL FORM OF CPU


CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT


CPU DEFINITION: 


Processor Is A Main Part Of Computer Which We Also Call The Brain Of Computer. The Processor Has Complete Information About All The Components, Or You Can Also Say That The Processor Controls All The Parts Of The Computer.


When We Give An Input To The Computer, It Processes That Input Data And Gives Us The Result. In Simple LANguage, Processor Is A Component That Processes The Input Data, Hence It Is Called Processor.


3. FULL FORM OF RAM 


RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY


RAM DEFINITION:


RAM Is Full Form Random Access Memory Would Have. Any Computer's Primary Storage Space Would Have Then Been Able To Restart From The Base Data Remains To Save Up Unless The Computer Is Not Turned Off And Once Again The Computer That Data Gets Lost.


4. ROM FULL FORM


 READ-ONLY MEMORY


ROM Definition: Read Only Memory, Then We Can Only Read It Because There Is A Fixed ProgRAM In It, Which We Cannot Do Anything Nor Can Change It. This Is The In-built Memory Of The Computer Whose Data Is Read-only And Nothing Can Be Written And Modified. It Contains The Software Of The Computer's Bios And Many Devices Have A Specific Operating System Or Firmware Installed.


5. FULL FORM OF PROM = PROGRAMMABLE READ-ONLY MEMORY


Prom Definition: The Difference Between A Prom And A ROM (Read-only Memory) Is That A Prom Is Produced As Free Memory, While A Rom Is Programmed During The Manufacturing Process. To Write Data To A Prom Chip, You Need A Special Device Called A Prom Programmer Or Prom Burner. The Process Of Programming A Prom Is Sometimes Called Burn the Prom.


6. EPROM = ERASABLE PROM / EEPROM = ELECTRICALLY EPROM


An Eprom (Erasable Programmable Read-only Memory) Is A Special Type Of Prom That Can Be Erased By Exposure To Ultraviolet Light. Once It Is Erased, It Can Be Resumed. An EEPROM Is Similar To A Prom, But Only Power Is Required To Erase It.


7. HDD = HARD DISK DRIVE


Hard Disk Is A Storage Device, Which We Use To Store Our Data. The Hard Disk Stores Data Permanently.


8. FDD = FLOPPY DISK DRIVE


The Floppy Disk Is A Thin, Flexible Magnetic Disk Sealed In A Carrier Made Of A Square Plastic. To Read And Write Data From A Floppy Disk, The Computer System Must Have A Floppy Disk Drive (FDD). Floppy Disks Are Also Referred To As Floppy. Floppy Disks Were Widely Used To Distribute Software, Transfer Files, And Create Back-up Copies Of Data.


9. I/O = INPUT & OUTPUT


An Input Device  Can Be Defined As An  Electro-Mechanical Device That Helps A User Input Data Into A Computer, Such As Keystrokes On A Keyboard And Clicking With A Mouse, We Input Data Into The Computer.


The Input We Give Through The Input Device Is The Result We Get After Processing The Data, The Result We Get Is From The Output Device Itself. Computer Data Output  Is In The Form Of Audio  Or  Video. Examples Include Monitors, Projectors, Speakers, Headphones, And Printers. 


10. CD = COMPACT DISK


CDs Are Small Plastic Discs On Which Sound, Especially Music, Can Be Recorded. Cds Can Also Be Used To Store Information That Can Be Read By A Computer. Cd Is The Abbreviation For 'compact Disc'


11. DVD = DIGITAL VIDEO DISK


Dvd Stands For Digital Versatile Disc. This Is Commonly Known As Digital Video Disc. It Is A Digital Optical Disk Storage Format That Is Used To Store High Capacity Videos Such As High-Quality Videos And Movies. It Is Also Used To Store Operating Systems.


12. SMPS = SWITCH MODE POWER SUPPLY


Smps Definition: Switch-mode Power Supply (Smps) Is An Electronic Circuit That Converts Power From Ac To Dc Using Switching Devices And Reaches The Power Supply To Different Parts Of Our Computer According To Their Usage. !


13. POST = POWER ON SELF TEST


When The Power Is On, Post (Power-on Self-test) Is A Diagnostic Testing Sequence That Determines A Computer's Basic Input / Output System (Or "Starting Program") That The Computer Keyboard, Random Access Memory, Disk Drive, And Other Hardware Are Working Correctly.


14. BIOS = BASIC INPUT-OUTPUT SYSTEM


The Bios (Basic Input / Output System) Is The Program That The Microprocessor Uses After The Computer Turns On The System. It Also Manages Data Flow Between A Computer's Operating System And Attached Devices Such As Hard Disks, Video Adapters, Keyboards, Mouse, And Printers.


15. LED = LIGHT EMBEDDED DIODE


A Light-emitting Diode (Led) Is A Semiconductor Light Source That Emits Light When It Flows Through It


16. LCD = LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY


A Liquid-crystal Display (Lcd) Is A Flat-panel Display Or Another Electronically Modified Optical Device That Uses The Light-modulating Properties Of A Liquid Crystal In Tandem With Polarization. Liquid Crystals Do Not Emit Light Directly, Instead Of Using A Backlight Or Reflector To Produce Images In Colour Or Monochrome.


17. USB = UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS


A Universal Serial Bus (USB) Is A Common Interface That Enables The Communication Between Devices And A Personal Computer (Pc) Such As A Host Controller. It Connects Peripheral Devices Such As Digital Cameras, Mice, Keyboards, Printers, Scanners, Media Devices, External Hard Drives And Flash Drives.


18. VGA = VIDEO/VISUAL GRAPHICS ADAPTER


Vga. Stands For "Video Graphics Array." It Is The Standard Monitor Or Display Interface Used In Most Pcs. Therefore, If A Monitor Is Vga-compatible, It Should Work With Most New Computers. The Vga Standard Was Originally Developed By Ibm In 1987 And Allowed For A Display Resolution Of 640 × 480 Pixels.


19. LAN = LOCAL AREA NETWORK


A Local-area Network (LAN) Is A Computer Network That Spans A Relatively Small Area. Often, A LAN Is Limited To A Room, Building Or Group Of Buildings, However, A LAN Can Be Connected To Other LANS At Any Distance Through Telephone Lines And Radio Waves.


20. WAN = WIDE AREA NETWORK


A Wide Area Network (Wan) Is A Telecommunications Network That Is Spread Over A Large Geographic Area For The Primary Purpose Of Computer Networking. Wide Area Networks Are Often Set Up With Leased Telecommunications Circuits.


21. HTTP = HYPER TEXT TEMPLATES


Definition: HTTP. HTTP. (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) A Communication Protocol Used To Connect To A Web Server On The Internet Or A Local Network (Intranet). Its Primary Function Is To Establish A Relationship With The Server And Send The Html Page Back To The User's Browser.


22. WWW = WORLD WIDE WEB


The World Wide Web (Www) Is A Combination Of All Resources And Users On The Internet Using The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). A Broad Definition Comes From The World Wide Web Consortium (W3c): "The World Wide Web Is A Universe Of Network-accessible Information, The Embodiment Of Human Knowledge."


23. IP = INTERNET PROTOCOL


Internet Protocol (Ip) Is The Method Or Protocol By Which Data Is Sent From One Computer To Another Over The Internet. Each Computer On The Internet (Known As A Host) Has At Least One Ip Address That Uniquely Identifies It From All Other Computers On The Internet.


24. TCP – TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL.


TCP / IP, Or Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol, Is A Suite Of Communication Protocols Used To Interconnect Network Devices Over The Internet. TCP / IP Can Also Be Used As A Communication Protocol In Private Networks (An Intranet Or An Extranet).


25. ISP = INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER


An Internet Service Provider (Isp) Is A Company That Provides Internet Access To Customers. Data Can Be Transmitted Using A Number Of Technologies Including Dial-up, Dsl, Cable Modem, Wireless Or Dedicated High-speed Interconnects.


HTML – HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE


Hypertext Markup Language (Html) Is The Standard Markup Language For Documents To Be Displayed In A Web Browser Html Elements Are The Building Blocks Of Html Pages. With Html Constructions, Images And Other Objects Such As Interactive Forms Can Be Embedded In The Provided Page.


URL – UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATOR.


The Url Is For The Uniform Resource Locator And Is Used To Specify Addresses On The World Wide Web. A Url Is The Basic Network Identity For Any Resource Connected To The Web (Eg, Hypertext Pages, Images, And Sound Files).


VIRUS – VITAL INFORMATION RESOURCE UNDER SEIZED.


A Computer Virus Is A Malicious Code That Replicates By Copying Itself To Another Program, Computer Boot Sector, Or Document And Explaining How The Computer Works. Viruses Require A Person To Knowingly Or Unknowingly Spread An Infection Without The Knowledge Or Permission Of The User Or System Administrator.



ALL COMPUTER RELATED FULL FORM



1. 3GP – 3RD GENERATION PROJECT


2. MP3 – MPEG PLAYER LLL


3. MP4 – MPEG-4 VIDEO FILE


4. AAC – ADVANCED AUDIO CODING


5. GIF – GRAPHIC INTERCHANGEABLE FORMAT


6. JPEG – JOINT PHOTOGRAPHIC EXPERT GROUP


7. BMP – BITMAP


8. SWF – SHOCK WAVE FLASH


9. WMV - WINDOWS MEDIA VIDEO


10. WMA - WINDOWS MEDIA AUDIO


11. WAV – WAVEFORM AUDIO


12. PNG – PORTABLE NETWORK GRAPHICS


13. DOC – DOCUMENT (MICROSOFT CORPORATION)


14. PDF – PORTABLE DOCUMENT FORMAT


15. M3G – MOBILE 3D GRAPHICS


16. M4A – MPEG-4 AUDIO FILE


17. NTH – NOKIA THEME (SERIES 40)


18. THM – THEMES (SONY ERICSSON)


19. MMF – SYNTHETIC MUSIC MOBILE APPLICATION FILE


20. NRT – NOKIA RINGTONE


21. XMF – EXTENSIBLE MUSIC FILE


22. WBMP – WIRELESS BITMAP IMAGE


23. DVX – DIVX VIDEO


24. WML – WIRELESS MARKUP LANGUAGE


25. CRT – CATHODE RAY TUBE.


26. DAT – DIGITAL AUDIO TAPE.


27. DOS – DISK OPERATING SYSTEM.


28. GUI – GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE.


29. HSDPA – HIGH-SPEED DOWNLINK PACKET ACCESS.


30. EDGE – ENHANCED DATA RATE FOR GSM [GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION] EVOLUTION.


31. VHF – VERY HIGH FREQUENCY.


32. UHF – ULTRA HIGH FREQUENCY.


33. GPRS – GENERAL PACKET RADIO SERVICE.


34. WAP – WIRELESS APPLICATION PROTOCOL.


35. ARPANET – ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECT AGENCY NETWORK.


36. IBM – INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES.


37. HP – HEWLETT PACKARD.


38. AM/FM – AMPLITUDE/ FREQUENCY MODULATION.


39. WLAN – WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK


40. AVI – AUDIO VIDEO INTERLEAVE


41. RTS – REAL-TIME STREAMING


42. SIS – SYMBIAN OS INSTALLER FILE


43. AMR – ADAPTIVE MULTI-RATE CODEC


44. JAD – JAVA APPLICATION DESCRIPTOR


45. JAR – JAVA ARCHIVE


46. JAD – JAVA APPLICATION DESCRIPTOR


47. 3GPP – 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT


48. MP3 – MPEG PLAYER LLL


49. MP4 – MPEG-4 VIDEO FILE


50. AAC – ADVANCED AUDIO CODING


51. GIF – GRAPHIC INTERCHANGEABLE FORMAT


52. JPEG – JOINT PHOTOGRAPHIC EXPERT GROUP


53. BMP – BITMAP


54. SWF – SHOCK WAVE FLASH


55. WMV - WINDOWS MEDIA VIDEO


56. WMA - WINDOWS MEDIA AUDIO


57. WAV – WAVEFORM AUDIO


58. PNG – PORTABLE NETWORK GRAPHICS


59. DOC – DOCUMENT (MICROSOFT CORPORATION)


60. PDF – PORTABLE DOCUMENT FORMAT


61. M3G – MOBILE 3D GRAPHICS


62. M4A – MPEG-4 AUDIO FILE


63. NTH – NOKIA THEME (SERIES 40)


64. THM – THEMES (SONY ERICSSON)


65. MMF – SYNTHETIC MUSIC MOBILE APPLICATION FILE


66. NRT – NOKIA RINGTONE


67. XMF – EXTENSIBLE MUSIC FILE


68. WBMP – WIRELESS BITMAP IMAGE


69. DVX – DIVX VIDEO


70. WML – WIRELESS MARKUP LANGUAGE


71. CRT – CATHODE RAY TUBE.


72. DAT – DIGITAL AUDIO TAPE.


73. DOS – DISK OPERATING SYSTEM.


74. GUI – GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE.


75. UPS – UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY.


76. GSM – GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION.


77. CDMA – CODE DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS.


78. UMTS – UNIVERSAL MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM.


79. SIM – SUBSCRIBER IDENTITY MODULE.


80. HSDPA – HIGH-SPEED DOWNLINK PACKET ACCESS.


81. EDGE – ENHANCED DATA RATE FOR


82. GSM – [GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION] EVOLUTION.


83. VHF – VERY HIGH FREQUENCY.


84. UHF – ULTRA HIGH FREQUENCY.


85. GPRS – GENERAL PACKET RADIO SERVICE.


86. WAP – WIRELESS APPLICATION PROTOCOL.


87. TCP – TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL.


88. ARPANET – ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECT AGENCY NETWORK.


89. IBM – INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINE CORPORATION.


90. HP – HEWLETT PACKARD.


91. MBPS = MEGABYTES PER SECOND


92. KBPS = KILO BYTES PER SECOND


93. 4 BITS = 1 NIBBLE


94. 8 BITS = 1 BYTE


95. 1024 BYTES = 1 KILO BYTE ( KB )


96. 1024 KB = 1 MEGABYTE ( MB )


97. 1024 MB = 1 GYGA BYTE ( GB )


98. 1024 GB = 1 TERA BYTE ( TB )


99. 1024 TB = 1 PETA BYTE ( PB )


100. 1024 PB = 1 EXABYTE ( EB )


101. 1024 EB = 1 ZETTA BYTE ( ZB )


102. 1024 ZB = 1 YOTTA BYTE ( YB )




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