WHAT ARE SUPERCOMPUTERS?

SUPERCOMPUTERS


The supercomputer is the fastest computer in the world that can process data very fast. The computing performance of a "supercomputer" is much more measured than that of a general-purpose computer. The computing performance of supercomputers is measured in FLOPS (floating-point operations per second) rather than MIPS.


Supercomputers have thousands of processors, which can count billions and trillions per second, or you could say that supercomputers can deliver up to a hundred quantiles of FLOPS.


Supercomputers were introduced in 1960 and developed by Seymour Cray with Atlas at the University of Manchester. Cray designed the CDC 1604 which was the world's first supercomputer and it replaces the vacuum tube with transistors. Cluster systems are used in these. Cluster system computing means that machines use multiple processors in a system rather than arrays of individual computers in a network. The size of these computers is large.


The most powerful supercomputers can be anywhere from a few feet to hundreds of feet. Supercomputers can cost from $ 2 million to over $ 100 million. The fastest supercomputer in the world was Sunway TaihuLight, in the city of Wixu, China, developed by China's National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering and Technology (NRCPC).


SUPERCOMPUTERS


Features of Supercomputer


  1. It can support more than a hundred users at a time.
  2. These machines are capable of solving massive amounts of calculations that are beyond human capabilities, that is, humans are unable to solve such extensive calculations.
  3. Many individuals can access supercomputers at the same time.
  4. These are the most expensive computers that can ever be built.
  5. Supercomputers have more than 1 CPU (Central Processing Unit), which has instructions so that they can interpret instructions and perform semantic and logical tasks quickly.
  6. The supercomputer supports the extremely high computation speed of the CPU.
  7. They work on pairs of numbers instead of pairs of numbers.
  8. They were initially used in applications related to national security, nuclear weapons design, and cryptography. But nowadays it is also employed by the aerospace, automotive, and petroleum industries.

Uses of Supercomputer


  1. Supercomputers are not used for everyday tasks because of their superiority.
  2. Supercomputers handle applications that require real-time processing. Uses are as follows:
  3. They are used for weather forecasting, meteorology, nuclear power research, physics, and chemistry, as well as extremely complex animated graphics such as scientific simulations and research. At the same time, they are also used to detect new diseases and predict disease behavior and treatment.
  4. The military uses supercomputers to test new computers, tanks, and weapons. They are also used to understand the impact on soldiers and wars. These machines are also used to encrypt data.
  5. Scientists use these to test the effects of nuclear weapon explosions.
  6. Supercomputers are used to produce Hollywood animations.
  7. In entertainment, supercomputers are used for online gaming.

Supercomputers help stabilize game performance when a lot of users are playing games. 

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