HTML: Hypertext Markup Language - Elements, Layout Structure and Techniques

HTML Layout Elements and HTML Layout Structure| HTML Web Page Design Code | HTML Layout Example

In this HTML lesson, you will learn - what is an HTML Layout? & We will learn to create a Layout with examples and also learn about different layout elements.

HTML: Hypertext Markup Language - Layout Structure

Suppose you want to have well arranged, structured and well-responsive design of visual elements of an HTML document. In that case, you must understand the HTML layout.

The layout will help you work with CSS design in your HTML.

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What is an HTML Layout?

HTML layout defines the appearance of a web page or website. This means that HTML layout is a blueprint used to organize web pages in a well-defined manner.

It makes HTML documents easy to navigate and understand and uses HTML tags (All tags list) to customize web design elements.

In short, an HTML web page layout deals with the arrangement of the visual elements of an HTML document.

The webpage layout is essential to give a better look to your website.

So it takes much time to design the website's layout with a great look.

Modern sites use CSS and JavaScript-based frameworks (Bootstrap, Node.js etc.) to build dynamic and responsive websites.

Nowadays, most websites mainly have a header, navigation bar, content area, sidebar and footer. Let us understand all these elements;

HTML: Hypertext Markup Language - Layout Structure

HTML Layout Elements

HTML contains different elements that define the structure of a web page:

  • <header> - Defines a header for a document or a section
  • <nav> - Defines a set of navigation links
  • <section> - Defines a section in a document
  • <article> - Defines an independent, self-contained content
  • <aside> - Defines content aside from the content (like a sidebar)
  • <footer> - Defines a footer for a document or a section
  • <details> - Defines additional details that the user can open and close on demand
  • <summary> - Defines a heading for the <details> element.

HTML Layout Techniques

There are four different techniques to construct multicolumn layouts. Each technique has its pros and cons:

  • CSS framework
  • CSS float property
  • CSS flexbox
  • CSS grid

CSS Frameworks

To make your layout fast, you can utilise a CSS framework, like W3.CSS or Bootstrap.

CSS Float Layout

It is common to do whole web layouts using the CSS float property. Float is easy to learn - you need to remember how the float and clear properties work. 

Disadvantages: Floating elements are tied to the document flow, which may harm flexibility.

CSS Flexbox Layout

The use of flexbox guarantees that elements behave predictably when the page layout must accommodate different screen sizes and different display devices.

CSS Grid Layout

The CSS Grid Layout Module delivers a grid-based layout system with rows and columns, making it easier to design web pages without using floats and positioning.


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